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The New Automative EMC-Directive 2006/28/EC

The New Automative EMC-Directive 2006/28/EC

Automative EMC Directive 2004/104/EC on electrical and electronic car components, last amendment by the Directive 2005/49/EC, 2005/83/EC and 2006/28/EC

The European Commission has published the Directive 2004/104/EC on 13th November 2004 followed by 2005/49/EC, 2005/83/EC and the new adoption directive 2006/28/EC on 6th March 2006 concerning the EMC of motor vehicles and their electrical and electronic components, which forms part of European legislation for automotive type approval.

The Directive 2004/104/EC, adopted by 2005/49/EC, 2005/83/EC and 2006/28/EC replaces the previous automotive EMC directive 95/54/EC, which was based on 72/245/EEC, a directive handling only the on the suppression of electrical noise from spark-ignition engines.

The directive 2006/28/EC 2004/104/EC contains in its annexes all the technical requirements necessary to demonstrate conformity with the requirements.

Time Schedule:

  • With effect from 01. July 2006 the current Directive 2006/28/EC 2004/104/EC will be applied.
  • With effect from 01. July 2006 the previous Directive 95/54/EC cannot be applied any longer for new approvals.
  • With effect from 01. January 2009 all devices have to comply with the Directive 2006/28/EC 2004/104/EC.

Equipment covered by the directive:

All Electrical equipment including telecommunications equipment intended to be fitted to a motor vehicle is considered to be an “Electronic Sub Assembly ESA” and must meet the EMC-requirements of the automotive directive.

Electronic sub-assemblies ESAs sold as so called “Aftermarket equipment”:

Typical aftermarket equipment is an electric ice chest, a notebook power adaptor and small heating appliances for seats connected to the power supply by the cigarette lighter socket.

These ESAs, sold as aftermarket equipment and intended for installation in motor vehicles, need no type approval according to the Directive 2006/28/EC 2004/104/EC if they are not related to immunity-related functions.

In this case a Declaration of Conformity according to the procedures of Directive 89/336/EEC or 1999/5/EC can be issued. Part of this declaration must be that the ESA fulfills the requirements defined in paragraphs 6.5, 6.6, 6.8, and 6.9 of Annex I to Directive 2006/28/EC 2004/104/EC.

Comparison of EMC-requirements between the old and new directive:

Directive 95/54/EC

Directive 2006/28/EC 2004/104/EC

· Electromagnetic radiation measurement

  • Electromagnetic radiation measurement

- Broadband/Narrowband

- Broadband/Narrowband

- Frequency range:
30 ~ 1000 MHz

- Frequency range:
30 ~ 1000 MHz

· Immunity to electromagnetic radiation

  • Immunity to electromagnetic radiation

- Frequency range:
20 to 1000 MHz

- Frequency range:
20 to 2000 MHz

- AM 80, 1 kHz

- AM 80, 1 kHz up to 800 MHz
PM from 800 to 2000 MHz

- Different test methods e.g. BCI, TEM cell Absorber chamber or Stripline with varied measuring ranges and test requirements

- Different test methods e.g. BCI, TEM cell Absorber chamber or Stripline with varied measuring ranges and test requirements

  • Immunity against disturbances conducted along supply lines ISO test pulses 1 ~ 4

  • Emission of conducted disturbances along supply lines

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