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巴西安全要求(INMETRO第371号法令)

巴西安全要求(INMETRO第371号法令)

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  • 2010-02-26
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巴西安全要求(INMETRO第371号法令)

该法令要求自2011年7月1日起,87类国产或进口家用电器及其相关产品(包括工业用电器产品)在市场上销售前,应符合强制性产品安全认证要求。自2011年7月1日起,禁止家用电器企业或进口商生产或进口未获得强制性认证的产品;自2012月7月1日起,禁止家用电器企业和进口商向批发商或零售商销售未获得强制认证的产品;自2013年1月1日起,禁止家用电器批发商或零售商销售未获得强制认证的产品。

1. 目的

本法令旨在保护消费者免受家用电器触电(电击)、短路和着火的危险。法令针对单相额定电压不超过250 V、其他不超过480V的家用电器。法令规定了产品不适用范围、采用的标准、合格评定程序以及认证标志等内容。

2. 适用范围
法令涉及的家用电器主要包括:电吹风、真空吸尘器、电熨斗、干衣机、电炉和烤箱、加热器、商业清洗机、烤面包机和烤架、电热毯、商业烹饪器具、剃须刀和电推剪、地板处理机/抛光机、空气净化器、电热板、水床加热器、深煎锅和油煎锅、多处理器、商业和工业用板处理和清洁设备、灭虫器、商业和工业用地毯清洗机、液体加热器、挤奶机、食物垃圾研磨机、繁殖和饲养牲畜电加热设备、热水器、浸入式加热器、电子表、皮肤和毛发护理器具、皮肤暴露于紫外线辐射的器具、缝纫机械、食品和饮料自动贩卖机、割草机和切割机,电栅栏、电池充电器、户外用烤架、高压和蒸汽清洗机、按摩器、电暖器、抽油烟机、地板加热设备、电动机-压缩机、自动柜员机、电子坐厕、电子捕鱼机械、商业用多功能烹饪器具、水泵、加湿器、商用干衣机、车库门电动机、热空气鼓风机、抽风机、花园用鼓风机、挥发器、电动牙刷、桑那浴加热设备、蒸汽清洗设备、水族馆设备、投影仪和制冷剂回收设备。
本法令不适用于:

  • 专用于工业用途的电器;
  • 预定在特殊条件场所中使用的设备,如爆炸环境(粉尘、蒸汽或煤气);
  • 音视频设备(IEC 60065);
  • 医疗设备(IEC 60601);
  • 手持式电动工具(IEC 60745);
  • 个人电脑及类似设备(IEC 60950);
  • 可移式电动工具(IEC 61029);
  • 那些由专业人员进行的特殊合格评定程序涵盖的设备,如:喷泉、家用烹饪燃气、电动淋浴、制冷器具(冷藏箱和冷冻箱)、空调(窗式和分体式)、洗衣机、吊扇;
  • 以及INMETRO已经执行的其他合格评定程序涵盖的设备,如:台式电扇、烹饪设备和电炉、微波炉、干衣机和离心机、洗衣机、酒柜、商用冷冻机和储藏柜、热泵。

3. 合格评定方式
本法令使用的合格评定方式为强制性认证,有两种认证的方式:

  • 测试+质量管理体系评估;
  • 批量认证。

强制性认证应由INMETRO认可的产品认证机构(OCP)进行。

4. 认证标志

通过强制性认证后,应在产品及产品包装上加贴认证标志,如下图(橙黄、黑、白三种选择)。

               

5. 技术标准

产品依据的标准为IEC 60335系列标准及部分IEC 60335转化的ABNT标准,具体有:

    • ABNT NBR NM 60335-1 – Segurança de Aparelhos Eletrodomésticos e Similares, Parte-1: Requisitos Gerais.
    • NM 60335-1 - Segurança de Aparelhos Eletrodomésticos e Similares, Parte-1: Requisitos Gerais.
    • ABNT NBR NM 60335-2-3 - Segurança de aparelhos eletrodomésticos e similares - Parte 2: Requisitos particulares para ferros elétricos de passar roupa.
    • ABNT NBR NM 60335-2-8 Segurança de aparelhos eletrodomésticos e similares – Parte 2:Requisitos particulares para barbeadores elétricos, cortadores de cabelo e aparelhos similares.
    • ABNT NBR NM IEC 60335-2-10 Segurança de aparelhos eletrodomésticos e similares – Parte 2: Requisitos particulares para máquinas de tratamento de piso e de lavagem por esfregamento a úmido.
    • ABNT NBR NM IEC 60335-2-13 Segurança de aparelhos eletrodomésticos e similares – Parte 2: Requisitos particulares para fritadeiras, frigideiras e aparelhos similares.
    • ABNT NBR NM IEC 60335-2-23 Segurança de aparelhos eletrodomésticos e similares – Parte 2: Requisitos particulares para aparelhos para cuidado da pele ou cabelo.
    • ABNT NBR NM IEC 60335-2-25 - Segurança de aparelhos eletrodomésticos e similares – Parte 2: Requisitos particulares para fornos microondas.
    • NBR IEC 60335-2-27 - Segurança de aparelhos eletrodomésticos e similares - Parte 2: Requisitos particulares para aparelhos de exposição da pele à radiação ultravioleta e infravermelho.
    • NM 60335-2-34 - Segurança de aparelhos eletrodomésticos e similares - Parte 2: Requisitos particulares para motocompressores.
    • NBR NM 60335-2-34 - Segurança de aparelhos eletrodomésticos e similares - Parte 2: Requisitos particulares para motocompressores.
    • ABNT NBR NM IEC 60335-2-43 - Segurança de aparelhos eletrodomésticos e similares – Parte 2: Requisitos particulares para secadoras de roupa com varal e fluxo de ar quente.
    • NM 60335-2-45 - Segurança de aparelhos eletrodomésticos e similares - Parte 2: Requisitos particulares para ferramentas móveis de aquecimento e aparelhos similares.
    • NBR NM 60335-2-45 - Segurança de aparelhos eletrodomésticos e similares - Parte 2: Requisitos particulares para ferramentas móveis de aquecimento e aparelhos similares.
    • ABNT NBR 11829 Segurança de aparelhos eletrodomésticos e similares – Requisitos particulares para ventiladores.
    • IEC 60335-1 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 1: General Requirements.
    • IEC 60335-2-2 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-2: Particular requirements for vacuum cleaners and water-suction cleaning appliances.
    • IEC 60335-2-3 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-3: Particular requirements for electric irons.
    • IEC 60335-2-4 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-4: particular requirements for spin extractors.
    • IEC 60335-2-5 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-5: Particular requirements for dishwashers.
    • IEC 60335-2-6 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-6: Particular requirements for stationary cooking ranges, hobs, ovens and similar appliances.
    • IEC 60335-2-7 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-7: Particular requirements for washing machines.
    • IEC 60335-2-8 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-8: Particular requirements for shavers, hair clippers and similar appliances.
    • IEC 60335-2-9 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-9: Particular requirements for grills, toasters and similar portable cooking appliances.
    • IEC 60335-2-10 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-10: Particular requirements for floor treatment machines and wet scrubbing machines.
    • IEC 60335-2-11 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-11: Particular requirements for tumble dryers.
    • IEC 60335-2-12 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-12: Particular requirements for warming plates and similar appliances.
    • IEC 60335-2-13 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-13: Particular requirements for deep fat fryers, frying pans and similar appliances.
    • IEC 60335-2-14 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-14: Particular requirements for kitchen machines.
    • IEC 60335-2-15 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-15: Particular requirements for appliances for heating liquids.
    • IEC 60335-2-16 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-16: Particular requirements for food waste disposers.
    • IEC 60335-2-17 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-17: Particular requirements for blankets, pads and similar flexible heating appliances.
    • IEC 60335-2-21 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-21: Particular requirements for storage water heaters.
    • IEC 60335-2-23 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-23: Particular requirements for appliances for skin or hair care.
    • IEC 60335-2-24 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-24: Particular requirements for refrigerating appliances, ice-cream appliances and ice-makers.
    • IEC 60335-2-25 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-25: Particular requirements for microwave ovens, including combination microwave ovens.
    • IEC 60335-2-26 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-26: Particular requirements for clocks.
    • IEC 60335-2-27 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-27: Particular requirements for skin exposure to ultraviolet and infrared radiation.
    • IEC 60335-2-28 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-28: Particular requirements for sewing machines.
    • IEC 60335-2-29 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-29: Particular requirements for battery chargers.
    • IEC 60335-2-30 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-30: Particular requirements for room heaters.
    • IEC 60335-2-31 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-31: Particular requirements for range hoods.
    • IEC 60335-2-32 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-32: Particular requirements for massage appliances.
    • IEC 60335-2-34 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-34: Particular requirements for motor-compressors.
    • IEC 60335-2-35 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-35: Particular requirements for instantaneous water heaters.
    • IEC 60335-2-36 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-36: Particular requirements for commercial electric cooking ranges, ovens, hobs and hob elements.
    • IEC 60335-2-37 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-37: Particular requirements for commercial electric deep fat fryers.
    • IEC 60335-2-38 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-38: Particular requirements for commercial electric griddles and griddles grill.
    • IEC 60335-2-39 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-39: Particular requirements for commercial electric multi-purpose cooking pans.
    • IEC 60335-2-40 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-40: Particular requirements for electrical heat pumps, air conditioners and dehumidifiers.
    • IEC 60335-2-41 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-41: Particular requirements for pumps.
    • IEC 60335-2-42 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-42: Particular requirements for commercial electric forced convection oven, steam cookers and steam-convection ovens.
    • IEC 60335-2-43 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-43: Particular requirements for clothes dryers and towel rails.
    • IEC 60335-2-44 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-44: Particular requirements for ironers.
    • IEC 60335-2-45 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-45: Particular requirements for portable heating tools and similar appliances.
    • IEC 60335-2-47 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-47: Particular requirements for commercial electric boiling pans.
    • IEC 60335-2-48 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-48: Particular requirements for commercial electric grillers and toasters.
    • IEC 60335-2-49 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-49: Particular requirements for commercial electric hot cupboards.
    • IEC 60335-2-50 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-50: Particular requirements for commercial electric bains-marie.
    • IEC 60335-2-51 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-51: Particular requirements for stationary circulation pumps for heating and service water installations.
    • IEC 60335-2-52 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-52: Particular requirements for oral hygiene appliances.
    • IEC 60335-2-53 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-53: Particular requirements for sauna heating appliances.
    • IEC 60335-2-54 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-54: Particular requirements for surface-cleaning appliances for household use employing liquids on steam.
    • IEC 60335-2-55 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-55: Particular requirements for electrical appliances for use with aquariums and garden ponds.
    • IEC 60335-2-56 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-56: Particular requirements for projectors and similar appliances.
    • IEC 60335-2-58 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-58: Particular requirements for commercial electric dishwashing machines.
    • IEC 60335-2-59 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-59: Particular requirements for insect killers.
    • IEC 60335-2-60 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-60: Particular requirements for whirlpool baths and whirlpool spas.
    • IEC 60335-2-61 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-61: Particular requirements for thermal storage room heaters.
    • IEC 60335-2-62 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-62: Particular requirements for commercial electric rinsing sinks.
    • IEC 60335-2-64 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-64: Particular requirements for commercial electric kitchen machines.
    • IEC 60335-2-65 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-65: Particular requirements for air cleaning appliances.
    • IEC 60335-2-66 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-66: Particular requirements for water-bed heaters.
    • IEC 60335-2-67 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-67: Particular requirements for floor treatment and floor cleaning machines for industrial and commercial use.
    • IEC 60335-2-68 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-68: Particular requirements for spray extraction appliances for industrial and commercial use.
    • IEC 60335-2-69 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-69: Particular requirements for wet and dry vacuum cleaners, including power brush for industrial and commercial use.
    • IEC 60335-2-70 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-70: Particular requirements for milking machines.
    • IEC 60335-2-71 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-71: Particular requirements for electrical heating appliances for breeding and rearing animals.
    • IEC 60335-2-72 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-72: Particular requirements for automatic machines for floor treatment for commercial and industrial use.
    • IEC 60335-2-73 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-73: Particular requirements for fixed immersion heaters.
    • IEC 60335-2-74 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-74: Particular requirements for portable immersion heaters.
    • IEC 60335-2-75 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-75: Particular requirements for commercial dispensing appliances and vending machines.
    • IEC 60335-2-76 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-76: Particular requirements for electric fence energisers.
    • IEC 60335-2-77 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-77: Particular requirements for pedestrian controlled mains-operated lawnmowers.
    • IEC 60335-2-78 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-78: Particular requirements for outdoor barbecues.
    • IEC 60335-2-79 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-79: Particular requirements for high pressure cleaners and steam cleaners.
    • IEC 60335-2-80 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-80: Particular requirements for fans.
    • IEC 60335-2-81 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-81: Particular requirements for foot warmers and heating mats.
    • IEC 60335-2-82 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-82: Particular requirements for amusement machines and personal services machines.
    • IEC 60335-2-83 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-83: Particular requirements for heated gullies for roof drainage.
    • IEC 60335-2-84 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-84: Particular requirements for toilets.
    • IEC 60335-2-85 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-85: Particular requirements for fabric steamers.
    • IEC 60335-2-86 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-86: Particular requirements for electric fishing machines.
    • IEC 60335-2-87 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-87: Particular requirements for electrical animal-stunning equipment.
    • IEC 60335-2-88 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-88: Particular requirements for humidifiers intended for use with heating, ventilation or air-conditioning systems.
    • IEC 60335-2-89 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-89: Particular requirements for commercial refrigerating appliances with an incorporated or remote refrigerant condensing unit or compressor.
    • IEC 60335-2-90 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-90: Particular requirements for commercial microwave ovens.
    • IEC 60335-2-91 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-91: Particular requirements for walk-behind and hand-held lawn trimmers and lawn edge trimmers.
    • IEC 60335-2-92 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-92: Particular requirements for pedestrian-controlled mains-operated lawn scarifiers.
    • IEC 60335-2-94 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-94: Particular requirements for scissor type grass shears.
    • IEC 60335-2-95 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-95: Particular requirements for drives for vertically moving garage doors for residential use.
    • IEC 60335-2-96 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-96: Particular requirements for flexible sheet heating elements for room heating.
    • IEC 60335-2-97 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-97: Particular requirements for drives for rolling shutters, awnings, blinds and similar equipment.
    • IEC 60335-2-98 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-98: Particular requirements for humidifiers.
    • IEC 60335-2-99 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-99: Particular requirements for commercial electric hoods.
    • IEC 60335-2-100 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-100: Particular requirements for hand-held mains-operated garden blowers, vacuums and blower vacuums.
    • IEC 60335-2-101 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-101: Particular requirements for vaporisers.
    • IEC 60335-2-102 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-102: Particular requirements for gas, oil and solid-fuel burning appliances having electrical connections.
    • IEC 60335-2-103 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-103: Particular requirements for drives for gates, doors and windows.
    • IEC 60335-2-104 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-104: Particular requirements for appliances to recover and/or recycle refrigerant from air conditioning and refrigeration equipment.
    • IEC 60335-2-105 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-105: Particular requirements for multifunctional shower cabinets.
    • IEC 60335-2-106 - Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-106: Particular requirements for heated carpets and for heating units for room heating installed under removable floor coverings.

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